March 21st, 2011 by Alicia Calzada and tagged Access, blogging, farm, first amendment, law, legislation, national press photographers association, newspapers, photography, photojournalism, students, trespassing, video
Mixed news on the Florida Farm bill (SB 1246) today. The Florida Senate Committee on Agriculture approved the bill, but before they did they passed two amendments to the language of the bill.
The first amendment changes the language of the bill so that it only applies to trespassers who enter the property, and exempts law enforcement and agents of the Department of Agriculture. The bill now only applies to someone whoÂ “enters onto a farm or other property … produces audio or video records without the written consent of the owner or an authorized representative of the owner,”
The second amendment changes the crime from a felony to a misdemeanor.
While we still don’t like any law that targets photography, these amendments have addressed our primary concerns- that photography elevated a trespass crime to a felony, and that photography from a public place could be illegal. We will sleep better in Florida now.
As a side note, the tools available on legislative websites can be very interesting if you take a minute to poke around. Here is an analysis of the bill that specifically mentions the now-changed constitutional problems.
Posted in Access, First Amendment, Florida, Legal, photographers, photojournalism, trespass | No Comments »
May 22nd, 2010 by Alicia Calzada and tagged contract law, education, fair labor standards act, intern, internship, journalism school, labor law, law school, Legal, news industry, newspapers, photographers, photography, student, students, work-for-hire
With the school year wrapping up, another Internship season is upon us. So I thought it might be worth re-hashing an issue that I posted on my personal blog a couple of months ago about labor laws and free internships. Here it is:
You need an internship. Companies love having interns because it lightens the work load, they get to nurture and identify young talent and it supports the industry to train future photographers.
There is an interesting article in the New York Times about the expanding trend of unpaid internships and the reality that some unpaid internships violate federal wage laws.
I also found a useful evaluation at this link.
One of the big concerns is that unpaid internships are being used to replace paid workers in this economic recession. This is certainly true in the photojournalism world.
Some states require that an intern receive school credit in order to be eligible as an unpaid intern.
The Department of Labor has provided a set of guidelines to determine whether someone is a trainee, entitled to not being paid (this is relevant for Fair Labor Standards Act- i.e., whether or not minimum wage laws are being violated).
There is also a report by the Economic Policy Insitute on the trends and need for reform for internships.
According to the DOL, there are six factors used for determining if someone is an employee or trainee:
1. The training, even though it includes actual operation of the facilities of the
employer, is similar to what would be given in a vocational school or academic
2. The training is for the benefit of the trainees;
3. The trainees do not displace regular employees, but work under their close
4. The employer that provides the training derives no immediate advantage from the
activities of the trainees, and on occasion the employerâ€™s operations may actually
5. The trainees are not necessarily entitled to a job at the conclusion of the training
6. The employer and the trainees understand that the trainees are not entitled to
wages for the time spent in training.
“If all of the factors listed above are met, then the worker is a â€œtraineeâ€, an employment
relationship does not exist under the FLSA, and the FLSAâ€™s minimum wage and overtime provisions do not apply to the worker.”
This does not affect non-profits using volunteers.
You may think this is overkill when you have a student willing to work for free in exchange for valuable experience, but this is extra important for photographers because the consideration of whether someone is an employee is also important for consideration of who owns the copyright. Also, if there is an on-the-job injury or a sexual discrimination case, employment status is extremely important.
Do you want to know if the free internship program at your paper is in compliance with the law? To be sure, better ask your corporate counsel.
Posted in business, contracts, interns, photographers, photojournalism, students | No Comments »